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Zadar

Zadar Overview

Zadar Coast

Geograohical Position
The city of Zadar is situated in the heart of the Adriatic and it is not just an urban centre of northern Dalmatia but with its administrative, economic, cultural and political importance it constitutes the centre of the region with almost 90.000 inhabitants.
Having its natural position in the conjuction of geographically different Croatian regions, being surrounded by the historical towns such as Nin, Pag, Biograd, Obrovac, Benkovac and many others, the city is an easily accessible and attractive destination to visitors from all over the world, whether by sea, land or air.
An exceptionally indented coast, islands and untouched nature attract many boaters and sailors to this exact area. The archipelago which consists of 24 bigger and as 300 little islands and rocks, 3 nature parks - Telašćica, Northern Velebit and Vransko Lake as well as 5 national parks - Paklenica, Plitvice, Kornati, Krka and Velebit, rank Zadar and its surronndings on the top of the Croatian tourist offer.

Climate
Thanks to its geographical position, Zadar has a mild Mediterranean climate (warm and dry summers, and mild and rainy winters) which is reflected in a beautiful Mediterranean vegetation with occasional exotic subtropical specimen in the Zadar city parks. The average air temperature during the summer is 25ºC, during the winter 7ºC, while the average summer temperature of the sea reaches 23ºC.

General
"Little Croatian Rome" is surrounded with 5 National Parks: Paklenica, Kornati, Plitvice Lakes, Krka waterfalls and North Velebit.
An hour or two by car or by boat from Zadar or other towns in the region takes you to all National Parks.
Zadar is a place where people are friendly, you can have a glass of typical Zadar liquor Maraskin or talk about basketball because this sport made Zadar famous.
Zadar is a town of rich cultural heritage; already in 1396 it had its university founded by the Dominicans in St. Dominic convent.

History
Zadar has a 3000 years old history. It is situated in beautiful surroundings of islands, and its back is protected from winds from Velebit.
First Zadar residents were a Liburnian tribe which came to Zadar area inthe 4th century BC.
Later inthe 2nd century AD Romans come to Zadar and Zadar started becoming a town.
Several times in history it changed its name to Iadera or Zara.
At the beginning of the 7th century it became the capital of Dalmatia and an administrative center of Byzantium theme.
During the past Venetians, Napoleon, Croatian-Hungarian kings, Austria, and Italy ruled the town.
In Yugoslavia it developed in tourist and administrative center of Zadar region.